A Grammar of Bora with Special Attention to Tone by Wesley Thiesen

By Wesley Thiesen

This can be the 1st entire linguistic learn of Bora, a typologically strange language spoken in Colombia and Peru, the results of 4 a long time of labor one of the Bora humans. The language has a very excessive variety of classifiers (over 300). those classifiers are utilized in a number of how you can perform reference. via those classifiers, apposition is the first mechanism for growing referring expressions, instead of the extra cross-linguistically universal mechanism of constituency. additionally they offer tight intersentential team spirit in discourse. The animate/inanimate contrast is pervasive, manifesting itself within the morphology, syntax, and lexicon. This quantity additionally incorporates a thorough research of Bora grammatical and lexical tone, which has a fancy method of sandhi with default tone being excessive, not like nearly all of tonal languages. The ethnographic caricature contains dialogue of the original Bora sign drums. This research can be of curiosity to all all for typological matters, South American languages and peoples, or tone stories. Wesley Thiesen acquired his B.A. in Anthropology from Wheaton university in 1948. He and his spouse Eva labored for SIL one of the Bora-speaking humans from 1952 to retirement in 1998, residing a lot of that point in a Bora village. David Weber bought his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the collage of California, la in 1983. He and his spouse Diana have labored with SIL because 1969. From 1972 to 2002 their efforts keen on the Huallaga Quechua language. He at present serves as an SIL linguistic advisor. The book's hide depicts a basket hand made by means of the Bora humans.

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The shaman still follows these beliefs and employs the teeth of the jaguar to adversely affect others: he is said to cause the swelling o f knee joints, with an eventual, very painful death. Several deaths in 1953 were attributed to such shamanistic practice. While most Bora no longer observe the practices of the traditional reli­ gion, they still have a great fear o f the shaman’s powers. The shaman was, perhaps, the most powerful man in Bora culture. He was feared, and was always paid for his assistance.

A large vine is attached to the beam, run over the pillar, and pulled by at least a dozen people on the other side. However, these people can only support the beam, not advance it. The four men push the beam up the poles, each man on one o f the four poles, each with a loop of vine around his feet to help clench the pole. They push in concert and then rest; the people pull the vine, supporting the beam while the four men rest. In this way the beam is advanced to the top and pushed over into the notch.

3One was the director o f the prim ary and secondary bilingual schools at Brillo Nuevo and was the director o f the Instituto Superior Pedagógico Bilingüe Yarinacocha for one year. Another is the supervisor o f eight or nine bilingual schools in the Pebas area. The third has been working in the O ffice o f Bilingual Education in Iquitos. 3. SOCIAL STRUCTURE 7 When matters o f discipline, festivals, fishing and hunting need to be discussed, the chief calls his council together, using the large signal drums.

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