A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine by Stephen Colvin

By Stephen Colvin

A old Greek Reader offers an creation to the background of the traditional Greek language through a sequence of texts with linguistic statement, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It deals a variety of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the newest textual content dates to the second one century AD), and features a wide selection of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a few famous inscriptions with contemporary discoveries that won't be simply on hand in different places; a range of literary texts lines significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The booklet finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic history of koinГ© Greek. The remark assumes no previous wisdom of Greek historic linguistics, yet presents a uncomplicated volume of up to date bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic concerns at higher intensity the place worthwhile.

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Example text

Are vocalized am, an before a vowel (a-na-mo-to, ανα´ρµοστο , ‘unassembled’). *r, *l • Are vocalized or ~ ro etc. -Cyp. ˚ ˚ (tu-ka-to-si [thugatorsi], class. θυγατρα´σι, ‘daughters’ dat. ). -Ion. ) 4. , and is used irregularly. The characteristic Gk. 2 The s has been analogically restored in some places (the sigmatic aorist and future: do-se, δ σει), but not yet in others (such as the 1st–2nd decl. dat. ): e-pe-to-i [herpetoihi], ‘serpents’. g. a-mo, ‘wheel’ [arhmo] (Pylos and Knossos) from *ar-smn is ˚ never spelled with a2-.

C) From vowel + n before s : ka¯pons > [ka:põs] (written ka-po-se), hexonsi > [heksõsi] (written e-ke-so-si). 9) §27 Introduction 33 we assume that when a consonant followed the result was a short vowel (as on Crete): τ κα´πο(ν) 8 30. 9. 1): on this view e-ke-ne (8 10) represents χε-ν (Att. χειν) rather than χην (severe Doric) or χεν (a WGk. morphological innovation). So also between inherited [ :]/ω and [o:]: το˜ (Att. ˙ το ) < *τ (ι)ο. 1 So Ruijgh (1988). §27. Consonants 1. Inherited w is maintained: starts to disappear in Arc.

Stems: ζαµ αυ 7 21. 5. -loc. rather than a gen. ). This loss of ability to govern a genitive is probably the result of a tendency to reduce the number of cases governed by three-case prepositions such as παρα´, which merged the gen. with the dat. 1 6. , Lesb. , and often coexists with απ in these dialects. e. 2 7. -Cyp. π < ποσ (the Myc. form) < ποτ (Att. πρ is a different stem, for which cf. Skt. prati). πο (NW Gk. and eastern Argolic) must also come from ποτ (perhaps by dissimilation before the article).

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