A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms. Being an account by the by James Legge; Fa-Hien

By James Legge; Fa-Hien

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Additional resources for A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms. Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline.

Sample text

Sakra, Ruler of Devas, wishing to excite the idea in his mind, assumed the appearance of a little herd-boy, and was making a tope right in the w ay (of the king), who asked what sort of a thing he was making. ’ T h e king said, ‘ V ery g o o d ; ’ and immediately, right over the boy’s tope, he (proceeded to) rear another, which was more than four hundred cubits high, and adorned with layers of all the precious substances. O f all the topes and temples which (the travellers) saw in their joumeyings, there was not one comparable to this in solemn beauty and majestic grandeur.

Cunningham, indeed, takes credit (* Ancient Geography of India/ pp. 108, 109) for determining this to be the site of Arrian’s Taxila,— in the upper Punjab, still existing in the ruins of Shahdheri, between the Indus and Hydaspes (the modern Jhelum). So far he may be correct; but the Takshasili of Fi-hien was on the other, or western side of the Indus; and between the river and Gandh^ra. It took him, indeed, seven days travelling eastwards to reach it; but we do not know what stoppages he may have made on the way.

130, 131. 4 Tartar or Mongolian. B Woo-e has not been identified. Watters (‘ China Review,’ viii, 115) says:— ‘ We cannot be far wrong if we place it in Kharaschar, or between that and TO S H E N -S H E N A N D T H E N C E TO K H O TEN . 15 than four thousand monks, all students of the h i n a y in a . T h e y were very strict in their rules, so that Iranians from the territory of T s'in 1 were all unprepared for their regulations. F^-hien, through the management of Foo Kung-sun, m a itr e d ’ h d t e l l e r i e 2, was able to remain (with his company in the monastery where they were received) for more than two months, and here they were rejoined b y Pcto-yun and his friends 3.

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