A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's recognized article at the relation­ ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub­ grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised purely sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in a massive aspect in comparative linguistics numerous factors could be assigned. certainly one of them is consensus has been reached in regards to the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has obtained extra awareness than the other: the Indo-European. one other rationalization is that for many of the branches of this family members historic fabrics can be found that have proved very precious for the reconstruction of the inter­ mediate levels among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a couple of branches merely has the matter of subgrouping been an issue for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). specific awareness, notwithstanding, can be anticipated from those that began to follow the comparative the right way to different language-families. This realization did come ahead, even though now not instantly, simply because linguists first needed to take care of the issues of proving the life of the kinfolk in query and figuring out which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages severe attemps to reach at a lin­ guistic category begun really past due. yes instances of nearer relationships have been seen adequate to be famous very early ( e.g.

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Extra info for A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages

Sample text

The difficulty is that one cannO't assign a meaning tO' this mO'rph, althO'ugh its functiO'n is clearly tO' cO'nnect twO' mO'rphemes tO'gether. It fits the descriptiO'n O'f wh at Charles F. HO'ckett calls an "empty mO'rph" ("Problems in MO'rphemic Analysis"), and its O'ccurrence is predictable in terms O'f nO'nempty mO'rphemes. I dO' nO't enclO'se such elements within braces { }. FO'r a recO'nstructiO'n of this wO'rd, see IsidO're Dyen, "The MalayO'-PO'lynesian WO'rd fO'r 'TWO"". FO'r a recO'nstructiO'n O'f this wO'rd, see Isidore Dyen, "DempwO'lff's R".

Kuwa:da, Ib. kuwa:ra, Ka. quka:da 'theirs'. All these forms appear to contain an element *kuwa, which is perhaps continued by Il. , Ka. kuwa 'thing, property', Tg. kuwan (designation for something undetermined): the Tg. )' is kayu, but kamu is also found: see S. P. Laktaw, La Lengua Tagalog, p. 57. )'. However, since there are good grounds for saying that these languages belong to the NPh languages, it is possible to say that the *Da fonns are limited to the NPh languages. Note, however, that there is not a single fonn in Ib.

The Ib. form here is kuwa :tarn, which IS a combination of kuwa and the bound form tarn 'our (inclusive)'. , H. kuwa:mi, Ka. , Ka. mi 'our (exclusive)',19 The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:mi; by metathesis it became quka:mi. , H. kuwa :yu, Ka. , Ka. 20 The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:yu; by metathesis it became quka:yu. The Ib. 2). , H. kuwa:da, Ib. kuwa:ra, Ka. 4). The Ka. form hay have been originally *kua:da; by metathesis, it became quka:da. sigu~, Ca~iguran Neg~ito, Baler Negrito, Rizal Negrito, Cagayan Negrito, Isneg, Bontoc Igorot, Kalinga, Ibaloy, Ilongot.

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