By Rolf H. Bremmer Jr.
This can be the 1st textual content e-book to supply a accomplished method of previous Frisian. half One starts with a succinct survey of the historical past of the Frisians through the center a long time, their society and literary tradition. subsequent persist with chapters at the phonology, morphology, observe formation and syntax of previous Frisian. This half is concluded via a bankruptcy at the previous Frisian dialects and one on difficulties in regards to the periodization of Frisian and the shut dating among (Old) Frisian and (Old) English. half involves a reader with a consultant choice of twenty-one texts with explanatory notes and an entire thesaurus. A bibliography and a choose index entire the booklet. Written by way of an skilled instructor and researcher within the box, An advent to previous Frisian is a vital source for college students and researchers of Frisian, previous English and different ‘Old’ Germanic languages and cultures, and for medievalists operating during this quarter. The moment unrevised 2011 reprint of the unique version comprises numerous corrections.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary
Sg), without changing the basic meaning of the word. The alteration between f and v in this pair is therefore not phonemic but allophonic. Phonemes are given between slashes / /, allophones are not. Angular brackets 〈 〉 are used to indicate spelling, while square brackets [ ] indicate pronunciation. We can distinguish between long and short vowels, and long and short consonants. In the notation of the International Phonetical Alphabet (IPA), length is indicated by the symbol ˜ . Traditionally, for the sake of convenience, length of vowels is indicated by a length-mark (‘macron’) placed over the vowel.
Skild ‘shield’, stirt ‘tail’, tsirl ‘man’, thinka ‘to think’. e a. , helpa ‘to help’, feld ‘field’. b. , stef ‘staff ’ (fronting, §39). , sella ‘to give’ (cf. Goth saljan) (by way of fronting, §39). , kest ‘choice’ (cf. OE cyst), gelden ‘golden, of gold’ (cf. OE gylden). inf) as opposed to non-R binitha, litha, nima, to witane. ). In a number of instances, esp. , kampa ‘duellist’, falla ‘to fell’, (bi-)kanna ‘to confess’. However, mutated forms – in this case kempa, fella, (bi-)kenna – are equally common.
Thus, a scribe made no distinction in his written language between hof ‘court’ and hof ‘hoof (of a horse)’. That we are dealing with a . For a full survey of the Old Frisian phonemes of the Rüstring dialect established by means of minimal pairs, see Boutkan (1996: 19–20). , G Hof and Huf, respectively). Sometimes, though, vowel length becomes clear because of a special feature in the language itself. 1–2). , baem [ba˜m]‘tree’, wiif [wi ˜f] ‘wife’ (§207). The situation is different for the consonants, which are usually written twice (doubled or ‘geminated’) to indicate length.