An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler,

By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff

An advent to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages

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According to some recent studies (Birkeland) it would appear that these rules might derive from the stress patterns of certain Arabic dialects. In these dialects considerable developments have taken place which-with regard to this particular feature-have brought about some affinity to the situation which prevails in other Semitic languages (cf. S. In Hebrew (at least as far as can be judged from the Masoretic tradition) stress falls on the last syllable-save for some cases of penultimate patterns.

In some cases, though more rarely, the new vowel is instead placed after the first consonant (cf. 16-17). 15. g. Heb. e. the alternative procedure, just mentioned); Syr. *tqattal "he was killed" > 'etqattal. g. Syr. 'etqattal, Heb. hitqatt(}l (so also in the imperative of the Niphal). g. g. g. *mna "from" > 'amna, *gzi' "lord" > 'agzi'. The process continues in some modern dialects and becomes operative also in foreign borrowings such as the modern Eastern Aramaic 'us tal "table" from the Russian stol.

Rapasu > rapsu "wide", fem. rapastu (in Akkadian the first three patterns are generally employed as adjectives). 7. c) Disyllables with long vowel or diphthong in the first syllable: qabar, qabir, qabur, qaybar, qaybiir, qaybur, qawbar. qawbiir. Of these patterns qabir usually has the function of an active participle and is widespread throughout the Semitic lan- 78 79 Morphology The Noun guages (cf. 68): Akk. maliku "counsellor", Ar. katib "writer", Reb. b, Syr. kateb, Eth. waras "heir". g. 88).

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