By Rui Diogo
Gorillas, including chimpanzees, are our closest dwelling family members. This e-book is the 1st photographic and descriptive musculoskeletal atlas of a toddler for any non-human primate species, being fairly suitable after the awesome discovery of a 3.3 million-year-old fossilized human baby at Dikika, Ethiopia ("Lucy's baby"). The booklet accordingly adopts an analogous layout as our photographic atlases of grownup gorillas, chimpanzees, hylobatids and orangutans, that are a part of a chain of monographs that may set out the comparative and phylogenetic context of the gross anatomy and evolutionary historical past of the tender tissue morphology of recent people and their closest relations. because the earlier books of this sequence, the current atlas comprises precise high quality photos of musculoskeletal buildings from such a lot anatomical areas of the physique in addition to textual information regarding the attachments, innervation, functionality and weight of the respective muscle tissues. in spite of the fact that, it contains additional info and pictures in regards to the inner organs and epidermis, in addition to CT-scans. The publication will be of curiosity to scholars, lecturers and researchers learning primatology, comparative anatomy, sensible morphology, zoology, and actual anthropology and to clinical scholars, medical professionals and researchers who're thinking about the foundation, evolution, homology and adaptations of the musculoskeletal constructions of contemporary humans.
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Extra info for Baby Gorilla: Photographic and Descriptive Atlas of Skeleton, Muscles and Internal Organs
34 Baby Gorilla: Photographic and Descriptive Atlas of Skeleton, Muscles and Internal Organs • Notes: Authors such as Hepburn (1892), Loth (1931), Raven (1950), Preuschoft (1965), Jouffroy (1971) and Gibbs (1999) refer to an origin including the ulna, radius and medial epicondyle of the humerus and/or the common flexor tendon, but there was no ulnar origin in Deniker’s (1885) fetal gorilla, in Macalister (1873) specimen, and in the adult gorilla in which we analyzed this feature in detail (Diogo et al.
29 g; Fig. 7) • Attachments: From flexor retinaculum, trapezium, and, at least some times, the adjacent sesamoid bone, to the radial side of the metacarpophalangeal joint and of the base of the proximal phalanx of digit 1 and, occasionally, also to the distal phalanx of this digit and/or to the distal portion of metacarpal I. • Usual innervation: Median nerve (Brooks 1887, Eisler 1890, Hepburn 1892, Sommer 1907, Raven 1950, Preuschoft 1965). • Notes: In one side of one of the adult gorillas dissected by us (Diogo et al.
For instance, Preuschoft (1965) described four ‘dorsal interossei’ and seven ‘palmar interossei’ in the gorillas dissected by him. The former structures clearly seem to correspond to the intermetacarpales 1, 2, 3 and 4 of ‘lower’ mammals, while the latter structures clearly seem to correspond to the flexores breves profundi 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 of ‘lower’ mammals. This indicates that in those gorillas the interossei dorsales 1, 2, 3 and 4 sensu the present work can still be differentiated into the portions derived from the flexores breves profundi 3, 5, 6 and 8 and the portions derived from the intermetacarpales 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively.