Baltic Postcolonialism (On the Boundary of Two Worlds: by Violeta Kelertas

By Violeta Kelertas

Rising from the ruins of the previous Soviet Union, the literature of the Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia is analyzed from the fruitful standpoint of postcolonialism, a theoretical procedure whose software to former second-world nations is in its preliminary phases. This groundbreaking quantity brings students operating within the West including those that have been formerly muffled in the back of the Iron Curtain. They gauge the effect of colonization at the tradition of the Baltic states and exhibit the relevance of strategies first elaborated via a variety of critics from Frantz Fanon to Homi Bhabha. reading literary texts and the placement of the highbrow unearths Baltic issues with identification and integrity, the rewriting of formerly blotted out or distorted historical past, and a look for which means in societies suffering to set up their position on the earth after a long time - and maybe millennia - of oppression. the quantity dips into the overdue Tsarist interval, then is going extra deeply into Soviet deportations to the Gulag, whereas the main target is on works of the turning-point within the overdue Eighties and Nineties. Postcolonial strategies like mimicry, subjectivity and the opposite offer a brand new discourse that yields clean insights into the colonized nations’ tradition and their poignant makes an attempt to struggle, to conform and to outlive. This ebook may be of curiosity to literary critics, Baltic students, historians and political scientists of japanese Europe, linguists, anthropologists, psychologists, sociologists, operating within the quarter of postcommunism and an individual attracted to studying extra approximately those historic and colourful cultures.

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Lermontov, M. Y. (1966), A Hero of Our Time. Trans. P. Foote. London: Penguin. Is the Post- in Postcolonial the Post- in Post-Soviet? 39 Lewis, M. and K. Wigen (1997), The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press. Lyons, S. T. ” Diss. University of Wisconsin, Madison. McClintock, A. 2–3 (31–32): 84–98. McGhee, F. L. ” M. A. thesis. Austin: University of Texas. Memmi, A. (1957), Portrait du colonisé, précédé du Portrait du colonisateur. Paris: Buchet.

P. Sartre. New York: Grove. Is the Post- in Postcolonial the Post- in Post-Soviet? 37 Ghosh, B. 1. html (accessed 18/12/2000). Gladstone, W. E. (1876), Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East. London: John Murray. Goethe, J. W. von. (1973), “Some Passages Pertaining to the Concept of World Literature,” in: H. J. Schulz and P. H. ) Comparative Literature: The Early Years-An Anthology of Essays. University of North Carolina Studies in Comparative Literature. 55. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1–11, 227–28.

Just as the subjugating governments have held vested interests in their own agendas, so have analysts. Too often, the agendas of governments and analysts have clashed with the better interests of the Baltic peoples. My own contribution to this discussion involves two inter-related points: 1) that a deeper historical reading reveals that the colonization of the Baltics includes the occupation and subsequent attempted genocide not only by the Soviet Union during the 20th century, but also roughly one thousand years of intermittent colonization by wave after wave of aggressive foreign forces, and 2) that the act of forcibly re-defining a cultural identity through systematic censorship and propaganda results in a form of cultural genocide which, when it is simultaneous with an agenda of physical genocide, serves to colonize the minds of any survivors.

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