Bilingual Europe: Latin and Vernacular Cultures - Examples by Jan Bloemendal

By Jan Bloemendal

Bilingual Europe provides to the reader a Europe that for a very long time used to be 'multilingual' in addition to the vernacular languages Latin performed an enormous position. Even 'nationalistic' treatises may be written in Latin. till deep into the 18th century medical works have been written in it. it truly is nonetheless an legitimate language of the Roman Catholic Church. yet why did authors opt for for Latin or for his or her local tongue? relating to bilingual authors, what made them decide on both language, and what implications did that experience? What interactions existed among the 2? participants comprise Jan Bloemendal, Wiep van Bunge, H. Floris Cohen, Arjan C. van Dixhoorn, Guillaume van Gemert, Joep T. Leerssen, Ingrid Rowland, Arie Schippers, Eva Del Soldato, Demmy Verbeke, Francoise Waquet, and Ari H. Wesseling+.

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29 Immanuele was also inspired by his colleague Dante, and some typical ‘philosophical’ expressions from the dolce stil novo are to be found in his Hebrew work. In his sixth Maḥberet or Canto he deals with the same kind of poetic rivalries as Dante in his De vulgari eloquentia and Divina Commedia: Purgatorio, this time between Spanish Hebrew poets, Hebrew poets from Provence, and Hebrew poets from Rome and Italy. His Hebrew poems have metres derived from the Arab classical metres. 30 Moreover, Immanuele was also an Italian poet, belonging to the poeti giocosi (humoristic poets) of the same school as Cecco Angiolieri (1260–1312).

At this point, German and, above all, Dutch sources come in for consideration. A familiarity with Erasmus’ native language is in fact indispensable. 29 In addition to the vernacular, Erasmus occasionally draws on popular beliefs in the Low Countries concerning health and the human body. In De pueris instituendis he recalls that when struck in the face by some object, an expectant mother immediately plucks it away and transfers it to a less obvious, hidden part of the body. By doing so, the inevitable deformation of her child is transferred from its face to a different part of its body.

201, ll. 2464–65; p. 49, l. 553. 35 Quoted from Proverbia communia (a fifteenth-century collection of Dutch proverbs) by Harrebomée, 1, p. 30; 3, p. 115. Suringar, no. 206. An anonymous translation of the Colloquies, first published in 1622, reads, ‘ ‘T is swaer oude honden bandts te maecken. ] Een ouden hondt laet zich niet licht aen den bandt wennen’ (337 IK). The early Dutch translations of the Colloquies are discussed by Bijl, Erasmus in het Nederlands tot 1617, pp. 273–99. For bibliographical descriptions see Van der Haeghen, Bibliotheca Belgica, 2, E 756–63.

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